Henry V111 had a conflict with the Pope as to who was the ultimate ruler of England. Henry resolved the dilema by evicting the Church of Rome and starting the Church of England. However the CoE was almost a clone of the CoR but without Confession, Mass or Pope. It retained, however, all the CoR authoritarianism and fancy regailia. This led to the birth of the Methodist Church who rejected that authoritarianism and adopted more plain attire. As is human nature the Methodist clergy in time began to adopt the authoritarianism of the CoE. The new industrial age required workers who were literate and numerate so the working men began to become educated and began to read. In 1800 some of those working men (mainly from the potteries) then began to reject that new authoritarianism of the Methodist clergy and were thrown out of the Methodist Church. They felt they did not need a ‘gate keeper’ to speak to God for them as they could speak to him directly themselves. They were still devout Christians and became known as Primitive Methodists. They started street preaching and became very popular with working men particularly in the mines, heavy industries, Textile workers etc. Those working in these new industries began to become more affulent and assertive. Then in 1838 the Chartist Movement started by working men who demanded enfranchisement. It was the Primitive Methodists, who had acquired the skills of pubic speaking by their street preaching who were able to give voice to the Chartist men assembling outside of the factories. From this union the Labour Party and the Unions were formed. The Trade Unions in 1868 formed from the much earlier trade guilds and the Labour Party in 1900.
The ‘working men’ of the heavy industries have all but gone. They have more or less been replaced by people who will be in financial difficulties if they do not get cash at the end of each week.
Sadly the Labour Party has since been hijacked by Middle Class Fabians, academics and dillitanties while many of the Unions have been infiltrated and hijacked by Marxist militants. (view the film ‘The Angy Silence’ with Richard Attenborough 1960). The remit of the Marxists is to use the Trade Unions as a means to try to reduce the very successful Industrial Society to a destitute shambles so that a brave new Marxist society can be rebuilt from the ashes. Todays Labour Party and Unions are nothing like what they started out as and no longer represent ‘the workers’.