2013 – 008 EuroPol, and Eurogendfor (the EU paramilitary police)

—-I think that the Eurgendfor is a very worrying development and I should like this article to reach as many people as possible.   If you feel able to send it onwards, or use it any way (I’d be grateful for a credit for the magazine and myself) please do so.

Sonya Porter

In a message dated 27/01/2013 13:10:03 GMT Standard Time, Sonyaporter@aol.com writes:

EUROGENDFOR policing sans frontieres?

Guest article by Sonya Jay Porter

The organisation called the EUROGENDFOR, EGF, or more properly the European Gendarmerie Force, should be better known in Britain than it is, for its function is worrying and could affect this country in the future.

The Eurogendfor is a combined police and militia force currently formed from six EU member states, designed along the lines of the French Gendarmerie which was established a few years ago to deal rapidly with any perceived threat of increasing civil unrest and to strengthen the EU Common Security and Defence Policy. It was originally set up by the European Union in September 2004 at the suggestion of the then French defence minister, has headquarters in Vicenza north eastern Italy with a core of 800-900 members ready to deploy within 30 days, and an additional 2,300 reinforcements available on standby.

At present, membership of this Gendarmerie Force is only open to EU countries which have a police force with military status and therefore does not include the United Kingdom whose system of policing is by consent and quite different from that which operates on the Continent. Nor does Germany take part as their constitution does not permit the use of military forces for police services. To begin with, the Eurogendfor comprised forces from France, Portugal, The Netherlands, Italy and Spain but Poland and Lithuania became ‘partner countries’ in 2007 and 2009 respectively and Romania joined as a full member in 2008. In December 2011 Poland applied for full membership. At the moment, the only other EU country which has the relevant police/military ability to join the Eurogendfor is Bulgaria but as and when the EU expands, Serbia, Albania, Georgia,the Ukraine and possibly Turkey could also be accepted as full members. However, there has been a recent suggestion made by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael) that the rules for inclusion might be relaxed, in which case all EU member states, including the UK, might join and, in theory, operate throughout the European Union.

The organisation is managed by its High Level Interdepartmental Committee (CIMIN) that consists of representatives from member states’ foreign and defence ministries and which decides on the inclusion of other countries in the Force and also on possible Eurogendfor missions. There is also a Presidency of CIMIN which lasts for one year, circulates around the various member states and for 2013 will be held by the General Commander of the Royal Dutch Marechaussee. The EGF has a motto: Lex paciferat, which means ‘law will bring peace’, and in 2005 a logo for both a flag and uniform badges was decided upon, consisting of a blue shield with central grenade on a vertical sword surrounded by the twelve stars of the EU flag. However, this was changed in 2007 when the stars were removed and the website’s address was altered from .eu to .org (http://www.eurogendfor.org/ ). As Alfredo Vacca, Legal Advisor for the European Gendarmerie Force said in an e-mail to the writer dated 24th October 2012,

‘Eurogendfor is at the disposal of the EU as well as of other International Organisations such as NATO, UN, OSCE and ad hoc coalitions but is not an EU asset.’

Eurogendfor was officially declared operational in 2006 but its status was not finally enshrined in law until 18th October 2007 in the Treaty of Velsen. According to Article 5 of this Treaty, the force may also be placed “at the disposal ofthe UN, the Organisatiion for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), NATO and other international organisations or ad hoc coalitions” for various missions. Article 4 of the Treaty states that the EGF forces could be placed under either civilian authority or military command to perform security and public order missions, by supervising local police and including criminal investigation work. They could also conduct public surveillance, border policing and general intelligence work. They could also train instructors and police officers to international standards.

Torquil Dick-Erikson, a legal journalist who has lived in Rome for over 40 years and who has specialised in comparative criminal procedure, points out that Article 6.3 of the Treaty of Velsen allows the Eurogendfor to be deployed in another EU state with the simple agreement of that state. Two months after the signing of that Treaty on 18th October 2007, the Lisbon Treaty was signed on 13th December. This contained a “Solidarity Clause” (Article 222) which introduced substantial changes so that the European Gendarmerie Force can now “assist a Member State in its territory, at the request of its political authorities”. According to Hansard of 11th December 2007, David Miliband, the then Foreign Minister, was asked to “give an undertaking that [the EGF] will never be allowed to operate on British soil”, but as Mr Dick-Erikson says, this undertaking was not given and in fact Mr Miliband confirmed that the force could do so, with the mere “consent” of the government. And, as Mr Dick-Erikson has said, once the Eurogendarmerie are inside the country, no British government can ever order them to leave.

Another worrying sign, pointed out by journalist Jason Groves writing in the Sunday Express a month before the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, was that the gendarmerie-type force had been in operation even before the Treaty had been signed.

© Mick Greenhough 2010

According to the Statewatch Analysis by Tim Schumacher already referenced, in 1998 during the military intervention in Bosnia, a similar force had been organised under NATO’s Stabilisation Force (SFOR) to fill the gap between the military and police and which had the powers to make arrests, to use firearms and to control civil unrest. This was followed in 1999 when a similar unit was sent to Kosovo under KFOR but here the force was also given “preventative and repressive resources for the suppression of unrest”. In 2000, seven years before the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, Statewatch points out that the European Council and all 27 EU States extended their “non-military crisis management” to include up to 5,800 officers in a Police Rapid Reaction Force consisting of police and gendarmerie units.

Since the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, the Eurogendfor has been involved in three operations. The first took place in Bosnia, starting in November 2007, shortly after the signing, when the force took charge of pre-existing Integrated Police Units (IPUs) and was sent to impose Western-style state and law enforcement. This lasted until October 2010.

During January that year, the EGF was sent to Haiti to give aid following the recent devastating earthquake (the force was formed to deal with both man-made and natural disasters). This time it did not operate in support of NATO or even of the UN but as part of a European unit called EUCO and was largely supplied by an EU’s quasi-intelligence service named the EU Situation Centre (SITCEN).

But in the third operation, which began in April 2009 and is on-going, the Eurogendfor has formed a close association between the USA and NATO forces. According to Statewatch, the creation of an Afghan police organisation was entrusted to the force by NATO and since December of that year it has been setting up a large law enforcement body in Afghanistan which now consists of 160,000 officers. This new aspect of European foreign policy fits neatly with the basic concept of the EGF, which operates outside of parliamentary control and this can be expected to determine the nature of future European interventions.

Writing in the Clingendael Report of March 2009 under “Potential of the EUROGENDFOR”, Michiel de Weger suggests that it would be beneficial for the EGF to relax the rules and include more non-gendarmerie forces. Since the EGF already sets the common training standards of the national gendarmerie forces these additions could be made more professional and so contribute to closer EU cooperation in cross-border law enforcement. It should be stressed here that the idea of a gendarmerie is as a military force designed for a state to use against its own people, not against foreign aggressors which is a totally alien concept to the British.

The Clingendael Report gives another option for the EGF which has frightening potential: the training of gendarmerie or gendarmerie-type forces across the globe

The Solidarity Clause of the Lisbon Treaty makes it clear that the force will not only be able to control a population as a police, military and intelligence unit, but it will also be able to be deployed within the EU or outside. Following the Lisbon Treaty, its operations will be subject to very little democratic control by parliaments, and the EU parliament has no say at all since, as Alfredo Vacca the EUROGENDFOR’s Legal Advisor says, it is not an EU asset.

And as Michiel de Weger says, while there is an enormous pool of over 430,000 similar paramilitary troops which currently operate in EU countries alone, there are almost 2.5 million such personnel worldwide which could be trained by the EGF to undertake global actions. These could serve a dual purpose for example, either to support a state riven by popular protest and civil unrest or to ensure the interests of the participating countries.

There are now three EU controls over UK justice and home affairs – the European Arrest Warrant which allows UK citizens to be arrested in this country and sent to foreign jails without bail while awaiting trial – Europol, the European Intelligence Agency whose officers have diplomatic immunity and now the Eurogendarmerie Force, a multinational police force with military status, which is now able to enter any EU member state, including the UK, at the request of the government and could also operate globally as a paramilitary force. Is this what the UK public expected when it voted in 1975 to join the Common Market?

SONYA JAY PORTER is a Surrey-based freelance writer

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

From ‘Brave New Europe’ 2008

EUROPOL, EUROJUST and EUROGENDFOR
As with so much from the EU and their Agenda, it has proved very difficult to get anything definitive out of them of what they intend. It has required much digging to get this information – and it’s often been impossible to get any written confirmation.
As such the following paragraphs can be taken as accurate until such time as the EU issues a formal and unambiguous statement that the eventual circumstance will be different and what safeguards there will be. The most definitive reference is by Gerard Batten MEP (ref. 2006-101). Of considerable alarm now is the EU Arrest Warrant where you can be arrested without evidence and  held without charge. You can be extradited to any country in the EU and held for an unlimited time without charge.
A). EUROPOL is the ‘European Police Force’. They answer to Eurojust, the EU prosecution service, and to the EU Council of Ministers – not to the citizens. They’re currently headquartered in The Hague with offices in London and a training school in England. They will eventually have precedence over all police forces in the UK.
At the moment they are a small token force and are keeping a very low profile indeed – until the EU Constitutional Treaty is fully ratified. The reason for this is that the UK still retains a veto in the Council of Ministers on foreign policy, home affairs and justice. We will eventually lose our vetoes and Europol will then take over.
Interestingly one of the bodies set up under the Tampere EU Council meeting in 1999 was the European Police College. It is now situated in Hampshire and trains senior European law enforcement officers. The new Director of the College is a Hungarian, Mr Ferenc Banfi. Mr Banfi was a member of the Hungarian Communist Party and a policeman under their murderous communist regime. He has claimed that, “It is only a question of time before Europol will have full executive powers; it maybe five or ten years but it will happen”.
Europol officers have a form of diplomatic protection and as such:
t    They’ll have absolute immunity from prosecution for just about any misdeed, by word or action, they care to commit in the course of their duties
t    If they can carry firearms without reference to UK authorities, what will happen if they shoot an innocent UK citizen (in the light of their immunity from prosecution)?
The powers-that-be will not clarify the latter … and still pretend Europol is not here…
The truth? Europol officers will, apparently, have powers to rival those of Stalin’s secret police (KGB and Stazi) and they seem to be even less accountable. Europol doesn’t yet have the power to arrest anyone directly yet but Mr Banfi thinks they soon will, and he’s an expert so we should pay attention. As said, Europol has no legal status, yet it’s here in the UK just the same and officers will apparently be able to:
a). Enter your house without a search warrant, arrest you and confiscate anything they want
b). Extradite you to anywhere in Europe on the basis of an ‘EU arrest warrant’, written by themselves, without producing any evidence against you whatsoever or going through any UK legal process.
c). If they wish, they can remain completely silent on your whereabouts: they are not required to tell anyone in the UK where you are – not the UK police, a UK magistrate or even your family (ref. 2006-4, 2006-68)
d). Hold you in custody – without charge or trial – for ‘any reasonable period’’ … which could be months or even years. The period between arrest and prosecution could be as much as three years in prison – ie: you are guilty until proven innocent. Your whole life can unravel in far less time than that, especially as there’s no requirement to inform anyone where you are or why you are held
•    Your children could be taken into care
•    Your home, car etc repossessed
•    Your job long gone.
Even if you are released without charge, you lose everything except your debts – and could well be financially ruined.
There’s no comeback on Europol: they are not liable, or even answerable, for false arrest or even incompetent arrest. Even members of their household will be immune from prosecution – though no one can explain why…
The UK Police Force has been renamed the Police Service and recruits not longer have to swear an oath of allegiance to the people of the UK.

B). EUROJUST (EJ) is the EU prosecution agency and closely linked to Europol. It apparently has autonomous, non-accountable power to order the surveillance of any person’s letters and emails, to tap phones and to acquire, upon demand, secret intelligence from the British security agencies (MI5 and MI6).
This means that the EJ can watch any Briton it considers to be opposed to the EU.
If there’s a difference of opinion between the UK government and other EU member states, Eurojust has the self-appointed right to spy on our politicians, civil servants, press, members of the armed forces etc. Just how much the UK government co-operates already is not known. Our own security agencies may be compelled to assist them to get information that may well be passed on by EU officials to their own member states (ref. 101 Reasons for Leaving the EU: St. Mathew Publishing).

C). EUROGENDFOR (EGF) – who on earth are they? You may well ask!
It seems that until recently hardly any EU personnel in Brussels had heard of them either and they were only stumbled upon by chance. They are the Euro Gendarmerie, a paramilitary force commanded by brigadier-general Gerard Deanez, and a rather shadowy group with a very sinister potential. The EGF was very quietly formally established on the same day as Gordon Brown signed the Lisbon Treaty. It seems to be modelled almost directly on the French Compagnies Républicaines de Sécurité (CRS), who were first established in 1944 to suppress any French demonstrations against the Vichy/Nazi authorities as Hitler was, by then, clearly losing the war. They were reorganised in 1948 and still on active duty today retaining the same ethos (ref. 2006-98). The CRS have established a most unpleasant reputation for the uncompromising and very aggressive manner with which they suppress civil demonstrations and unrest.
Once the Lisbon Treaty is ratified we’ll lose our veto and the Commission can then  allow the EGF to be deployed on our streets at some future date…

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http://www.quarterly-review.org/

IDEAS, CULTURE & CURRENT AFFAIRS

EUROGENDFOR – policing sans frontières?

Guest article by Sonya Jay Porter

The organisation called the EUROGENDFOR, EGF, or more properly the European Gendarmerie Force, should be better known in Britain than it is, for its function is worrying and could affect this country in the future.

The Eurogendfor is a combined police and militia force currently formed from six EU member states, designed along the lines of the French Gendarmerie which was established a few years ago to deal rapidly with any perceived threat of increasing civil unrest and to strengthen the EU Common Security and Defence Policy. It was originally set up by the European Union in September 2004 at the suggestion of the then French defence minister, has headquarters in Vicenza north eastern Italy with a core of 800-900 members ready to deploy within 30 days, and an additional 2,300 reinforcements available on standby.

At present, membership of this Gendarmerie Force is only open to EU countries which have a police force with military status and therefore does not include the United Kingdom whose system of policing is by consent and quite different from that which operates on the Continent. Nor does Germany take part as their constitution does not permit the use of military forces for police services. To begin with, the Eurogendfor comprised forces from France, Portugal, The Netherlands, Italy and Spain but Poland and Lithuania became ‘partner countries’ in 2007 and 2009 respectively and Romania joined as a full member in 2008. In December 2011 Poland applied for full membership. At the moment, the only other EU country which has the relevant police/military ability to join the Eurogendfor is Bulgaria but as and when the EU expands, Serbia, Albania, Georgia,the Ukraine and possibly Turkey could also be accepted as full members. However, there has been a recent suggestion made by the Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael) that the rules for inclusion might be relaxed, in which case all EU member states, including the UK, might join and, in theory, operate throughout the European Union.

The organisation is managed by its High Level Interdepartmental Committee (CIMIN) that consists of representatives from member states’ foreign and defence ministries and which decides on the inclusion of other countries in the Force and also on possible Eurogendfor missions. There is also a Presidency of CIMIN which lasts for one year, circulates around the various member states and for 2013 will be held by the General Commander of the Royal Dutch Marechaussee. The EGF has a motto: Lex paciferat, which means “law will bring peace”, and in 2005 a logo for both a flag and uniform badges was decided upon, consisting of a blue shield with central grenade on a vertical sword surrounded by the twelve stars of the EU flag. However, this was changed in 2007 when the stars were removed and the website’s address was altered from .eu to .org (http://www.eurogendfor.org/ ). As Alfredo Vacca, Legal Advisor for the European Gendarmerie Force said in an e-mail to the writer dated 24th October 2012,

“Eurogendfor is at the disposal of the EU as well as of other International Organisations such as NATO, UN, OSCE and ad hoc coalitions but is not an EU asset.”

Eurogendfor was officially declared operational in 2006 but its status was not finally enshrined in law until 18th October 2007 in the Treaty of Velsen. According to Article 5 of this Treaty, the force may also be placed “at the disposal of…the UN, the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), NATO and other international organisations or ad hoc coalitions” for various missions. Article 4 of the Treaty states that the EGF forces could be placed under either civilian authority or military command to perform security and public order missions, by supervising local police and including criminal investigation work. They could also conduct public surveillance, border policing and general intelligence work. They could also train instructors and police officers to international standards.

http://www.quarterly-review.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/01/Sonya-pic.jpg

Torquil Dick-Erikson, a legal journalist who has lived in Rome for over 40 years and who has specialised in comparative criminal procedure, points out that Article 6.3 of the Treaty of Velsen allows the Eurogendfor to be deployed in another EU state with the simple agreement of that state. Two months after the signing of that Treaty on 18th October 2007, the Lisbon Treaty was signed on 13th December. This contained a “Solidarity Clause” (Article 222) which introduced substantial changes so that the European Gendarmerie Force can now “assist a Member State in its territory, at the request of its political authorities”. According to Hansard of 11th December 2007, David Miliband, the then Foreign Minister, was asked to “give an undertaking that [the EGF] will never be allowed to operate on British soil”, but as Mr Dick-Erikson says, this undertaking was not given and in fact Mr Miliband confirmed that the force could do so, with the mere “consent” of the government. And, as Mr Dick-Erikson has said, once the Eurogendarmerie are inside the country, no British government can ever order them to leave.

Another worrying sign, pointed out by journalist Jason Groves writing in the Sunday Express a month before the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, was that the gendarmerie-type force had been in operation even before the Treaty had been signed.

According to the Statewatch Analysis by Tim Schumacher already referenced, in 1998 during the military intervention in Bosnia, a similar force had been organised under NATO’s Stabilisation Force (SFOR) to fill the gap between the military and police and which had the powers to make arrests, to use firearms and to control civil unrest. This was followed in 1999 when a similar unit was sent to Kosovo under KFOR but here the force was also given “preventative and repressive resources for the suppression of unrest”. In 2000, seven years before the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, Statewatch points out that the European Council and all 27 EU States extended their “non-military crisis management” to include up to 5,800 officers in a Police Rapid Reaction Force consisting of police and gendarmerie units.

Since the signing of the Treaty of Velsen, the Eurogendfor has been involved in three operations. The first took place in Bosnia, starting in November 2007, shortly after the signing, when the force took charge of pre-existing Integrated Police Units (IPUs) and was sent to impose Western-style state and law enforcement. This lasted until October 2010.

During January that year, the EGF was sent to Haiti to give aid following the recent devastating earthquake (the force was formed to deal with both man-made and natural disasters). This time it did not operate in support of NATO or even of the UN but as part of a European unit called EUCO and was largely supplied by an EU’s quasi-intelligence service named the EU Situation Centre (SITCEN).

But in the third operation, which began in April 2009 and is on-going, the Eurogendfor has formed a close association between the USA and NATO forces. According to Statewatch, the creation of an Afghan police organisation was entrusted to the force by NATO and since December of that year it has been setting up a large law enforcement body in Afghanistan which now consists of 160,000 officers. This new aspect of European foreign policy fits neatly with the basic concept of the EGF, which operates outside of parliamentary control and this can be expected to determine the nature of future European interventions.

Writing in the Clingendael Report of March 2009 under “Potential of the EUROGENDFOR”, Michiel de Weger suggests that it would be beneficial for the EGF to relax the rules and include more non-gendarmerie forces. Since the EGF already sets the common training standards of the national gendarmerie forces these additions could be made more professional and so contribute to closer EU cooperation in cross-border law enforcement. It should be stressed here that the idea of a gendarmerie is as a military force designed for a state to use against its own people, not against foreign aggressors which is a totally alien concept to the British.

The Clingendael Report gives another option for the EGF which has frightening potential: the training of gendarmerie or gendarmerie-type forces across the globe

The Solidarity Clause of the Lisbon Treaty makes it clear that the force will not only be able to control a population as a police, military and intelligence unit, but it will also be able to be deployed within the EU or outside. Following the Lisbon Treaty, its operations will be subject to very little democratic control by parliaments, and the EU parliament has no say at all since, as Alfredo Vacca the EUROGENDFOR’s Legal Advisor says, it is not an EU asset.

And as Michiel de Weger says, while there is an enormous pool of over 430,000 similar paramilitary troops which currently operate in EU countries alone, there are almost 2.5 million such personnel worldwide which could be trained by the EGF to undertake global actions. These could serve a dual purpose – for example, either to support a state riven by popular protest and civil unrest or to ensure the interests of the participating countries.

There are now three EU controls over UK justice and home affairs – the European Arrest Warrant which allows UK citizens to be arrested in this country and sent to foreign jails without bail while awaiting trial – Europol, the European Intelligence Agency whose officers have diplomatic immunity – and now the Eurogendarmerie Force, a multinational police force with military status, which is now able to enter any EU member state, including the UK, at the request of the government and could also operate globally as a paramilitary force. Is this what the UK public expected when it voted in 1975 to join the Common Market?

SONYA JAY PORTER is a Surrey-based freelance writer

 

4 responses to “2013 – 008 EuroPol, and Eurogendfor (the EU paramilitary police)

  1. This is all very dreadful, especially as an In/Out cannot be held after 2014 -When in 2014? I knew about the Police Academybut not about thechange to Police Service – is this why the government is not bothered thatthe police numbers are being reuced. Obviiously the government knows what is going o, but what about MPs in general?

  2. It will be very difficult for many/most people here to believe this state of affaires. To me this gives more credence to the what I have been told about the intent of “Common Purpose and Bilderburgers” carefully working away to form a ‘One world \government’! No matter how long it will take

  3. Mention of cut off date for referenda to be 2014 has disappeared.

  4. Provision has been made to allow, the Eurogendfor to arrive in Britain, and patrol our streets after 1st November 2014, when the Lisbon and Nice Treaties kick in, and Parliament hands over the following 43 Areas of Competence, to the EU’s, Quality Majority Vote. Pointedly, the 43rd one, is, ‘Withdrawal of a member state’. Widespread protests are expected. The Home Secretary, and the EU, state that Eurogendfor have, as EU employees, diplomatic immunity, but according to Sonya’s article, they are now a registered private company?
    Allowing the EU power over us, is an act of, High Treason. The Coronation Oath, (Bill of Rights 1689) An Act Declaring the Rights and Liberties of the Subject and Settling the Succession of the Crown .
    “I swear, no foreign prince, person, prelate, state or potentate hath or ought to have any jurisdiction, power, superiority, pre-eminence or authority, ecclesiastical or spiritual, within this realm. So help me God.”
    The Bill of Rights and Magna carta, along with our customs and traditions, make up our, British Constitution (the one current politicians pretend no longer exists.
    However, Winston Churchill, and King George V1, said the opposite.
    The Magna Carta – Winston Churchill
    “Here is a law which is above the King and Parliament, and which even He and They must not and may not legally break. And in the event they or anyone else were to try to abrogate it, such attempt at abrogation shall have no force nor effect and can be safely ignored with no legal ill effect. In addition, in the event of successful attempts at abrogation of such liberties, customs, or rights, the King has commanded and do hereby compel any and all subjects to swear oath to join the barons to assail the properties and persons and families of those (saving the King, Queen and the royal children) who had successfully completed such abrogation, including but not limited to that of the individual Members of Parliament who had voted in favour of any such successful attempts at abrogation. This reaffirmation of a supreme law and its expression in a general charter is the great work of Magna Carta; and this alone justifies the respect in which men have held it.”
    More recently:
    (Divisional Court ruling in the case of the “Metric Martyrs” 2002, (sections 62 and 63) said:
    “We should recognise a hierarchy of Acts of Parliament: as it were “ordinary” statutes and “constitutional statutes”. The special status of constitutional statutes follows the special status of constitutional rights. Examples are the Magna Carta, Bill of Rights 1689 … Ordinary statutes may be impliedly repealed. Constitutional statutes may not…”)
    Is it possible to create a PDF file, people can download:
    Why We Should Fear: the EuroPol, and Eurogendfor (the EU paramilitary police) ?
    Can we discover who own the organisation?
    This is excellent work, by Sonya, and everyone else involved.
    But now is the time to fight back, using our laws that condemn those who have sanctioned the removal of our protection of, Legem Terrea, and sovereignty as common traitors, acting in perjury of their oaths of office, as private citizens, having barred themselves from public office.

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